Water Fountain Builders Through History

Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the creator as a creative wizard, inventor and scientific specialist. He methodically registered his findings in his now celebrated notebooks about his research into the forces of nature and the properties and motion of water. alp_gxt698__72495.jpg Early Italian fountain builders transformed private villa settings into inspiring water showcases complete of symbolic meaning and natural elegance by coupling imagination with hydraulic and gardening talent. Known for his incredible skill in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the magnificence in Tivoli. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water antics for the various mansions near Florence, other fountain builders were well versed in humanist themes and ancient technical texts.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

With the building of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to be dependent exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. If people living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the remaining existing systems of the day, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. In the early 16th century, the city began to use the water that ran beneath the earth through Acqua Vergine to furnish water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at regular stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it less demanding to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. Even though the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t supply enough water. That is when he made a decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his property.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Solution

Though the machine developed by Agrippa for moving water gained the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it seemed to fade away not very long after. Merely years afterward, in 1592, the early contemporary Roman aqueduct, the Acqua Felice, was hooked up to the Medici’s villa, perhaps making the technology outmoded. In reality it was perhaps simply disused when Ferdinando went back to Florence in 1588 following the death of his brother, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his cardinalship to safeguard his place as the next Grand Duke of Tuscany. Although there were various other worthwhile water-driven designs either projected or built during the latter part of the sixteenth century, including scenographic water demonstrations, giochi d’acqua or water caprices, and musical water fountains, not one was fed by water like Agrippa’s system.

How Technical Designs And Styles of Water Fountains Spread

Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the written papers and illustrated publications of the time. An internationally renowned pioneer in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. His competence in making landscapes and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water attributes began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, towards the closure of his lifetime, he penned “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book that became the primary text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Explaining modern hydraulic technologies, the book also modernized critical hydraulic developments of classical antiquity. The water screw, a technical means to move water, and devised by Archimedes, was showcased in the book. Sunlight heating liquid in a couple of vessels unseen in a room next to an decorative fountain was shown in one illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the conduits. The publication also mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

Contemporary Statues in Ancient Greece

Sculptors adorned the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that time, it became more common for sculptors be compensated to depict everyday people as well. Portraiture started to be commonplace as well, and would be accepted by the Romans when they defeated the Greeks, and quite often wealthy households would order a depiction of their progenitors to be put inside their huge familial tombs.

It is wrong to state that the arts had one purpose throughout The Classical Greek period, a time of creative achievement during which the use of sculpture and alternative art forms changed. Greek sculpture is probably appealing to us today seeing that it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it does not matter whether or not its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

A Short History of Early Outdoor Water Fountains

The water from creeks and other sources was originally provided to the residents of nearby communities and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not aesthetic. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the later half of the 19th century. Inspiring and impressive, large water fountains have been crafted as memorials in nearly all cultures. Crude in style, the first water fountains did not appear much like modern-day fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for holding water for drinking and ceremonial functions. The first stone basins are presumed to be from around 2000 B.C.. The earliest civilizations that made use of fountains depended on gravity to push water through spigots. These original fountains were designed to be functional, frequently situated along reservoirs, streams and rivers to supply drinking water. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological beasts, and creatures began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, made from stone and bronze. The impressive aqueducts of Rome supplied water to the spectacular public fountains, most of which you can visit today.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Features
There are numerous celebrated water features in Rome’s city center. One of the best ever sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian... read more
Architectural Statues in Old Greece
Sculptors garnished the complex columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the time came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious... read more
A Concise History of the First Outdoor Public Fountains
Water fountains were initially practical in purpose, used to convey water from rivers or springs to cities and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water... read more
The Original Water Fountains
Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to convey water from canals or creeks to cities and villages, providing the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash,... read more
The Earliest Public Garden Fountains
The water from springs and other sources was initially delivered to the occupants of nearby communities and municipalities through water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not aesthetic. A supply of water higher in elevation than... read more
The Very First Public Water Features of Human History
Villages and communities relied on working water fountains to funnel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning from nearby sources like ponds, channels, or creeks. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the close of... read more


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