The Very First Public Water Features of History

Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to convey water from rivers or creeks to towns and villages, supplying the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. as23939_2__47494.jpg A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was necessary to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the late nineteenth century. Fountains all through history have been developed as monuments, impressing local citizens and visitors alike. Rough in style, the 1st water fountains did not look much like modern fountains. Basic stone basins sculpted from local stone were the first fountains, used for spiritual ceremonies and drinking water. Rock basins are theorized to have been 1st utilized around 2,000 BC. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the circulation of water through the fountain. The placement of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along aqueducts, waterways, or rivers. Animals, Gods, and Spiritual figures dominated the early ornate Roman fountains, beginning to show up in about 6 BC. A well-engineered system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

The Function of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Public Fountains

Liquid in a state of equilibrium exerts pressure on the objects it touches, including its container. There exist two kinds of force, hydrostatic energies and external forces. When applied against a level surface, the liquid applies equal force against all points of that surface. An object that’s extensively submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical energy on all points of its body. We refer to this concept as Archimedes’ principle, which deals with the forces of buoyancy. When hydrostatic force is exerted on an area of liquid, this will become hydrostatic pressure. A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all samples of the application of these principles on containers.

How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Water Fountains Spread

Throughout Europe, the principal means of dissiminating practical hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the circulated pamphlets and illustrated books of the day, which contributed to the development of scientific technology. An unnamed French fountain designer became an globally celebrated hydraulic leader in the later part of the 1500's. His expertise in making landscapes and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water attributes began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a guide that turned into the fundamental book on hydraulic technology and engineering, was composed by him toward the end of his lifetime in France.

Updating principal hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the publication also highlights contemporary hydraulic technologies. As a mechanical means to shift water, Archimedes invented the water screw, fundamental among key hydraulic discoveries. Sunlight heating up water in a pair of vessels concealed in a room adjacent to an ornamental water fountain was displayed in one illustration. What occurs is the hot liquid expanded, rises and locks up the pipes leading to the fountain, thereby leading to activation. Garden ponds as well as pumps, water wheels, and water feature creations are included in the publication.

Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes

Turn your garden into what you have always wished for – an oasis of peace. You can benefit from a water feature by adding an outdoor fountain to your property and creating a place of serenity.

Sending a stream of water shooting into the air, spouting fountains create a striking impression. If your pond is sufficiently big, it can be incorporated without hassle. You may have seen one of these in a recreation area or an old mansion.

Outdoor water features come in a variety of forms, one of which is a chic wall fountain. Even with a smallish yard, it is possible to add one of these water features. Wall fountains make an understated impression, contrary to the big impact created by spouting fountains. It is straightforward undertaking wherein a small jet of water propels outwards in front of a splendidly textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is best for you. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your residence or garden is rustic in style. Something unique and bold could be an option for more modern gardens.

Just allow your imagination to run loose.

Water flows down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Due to the water streaming down its various levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

The space necessary for an outdoor fountain can be extensive, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs required for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of tranquility. In this type of water feature the water passes through bamboo sticks. The repetition of water streaming into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this kind of fountain.

Glass fountains make up another category of fountain. Creating a more classical look are trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Gardens with many sharp edges as well as modern shapes and designs are better for these sorts of water features. The water produces a spectacular effect when it streams down the surface of the glass. LED lights are also utilized in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows down on the glass sheet. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water slowly flowing down its façade.

Bubbling rock fountains are large rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the middle. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to trigger the water upwards. Downward flowing water appears as gentle dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. This type of fountain is perfectly suitable for little gardens. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can be assured knowing that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming progressively widespread. There are numerous reasons for this newly found appeal such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a reduction in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide range of designs to choose from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

Water-lifting System by Camillo Agrippa

Though the mechanism created by Agrippa for moving water attained the esteem of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to vanish not long after. It may be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s early modern channels made the system useless when it was hooked up to the Villa Medici in 1592. Even though it’s more likely that it was essentially tossed when Ferdinando relinquished his cardinalship and went back to Florence, ensuring his place as the Grand Duke of Tuscany, after the loss of his sibling, Francesco di Medici, in 1588. It could defy the force of gravity to raise water to Renaissance gardens, providing them in a way other late sixteenth century concepts which include scenographic water exhibits, musical fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

The Positive Benefits of installing a wall fountain in Your Living Space

The area outside your residence can be polished up by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Historical fountains and water features have stirred the interest of modern-day designers as well as fountain designers. Therefore, in order to connect your home to previous times, add one these in your home decor. Among the many properties of these beautiful garden water features is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. Flying, annoying insects, for instance, are scared away by the birds congregating around the fountain or birdbath.

Wall fountains are a good alternative if your yard is small because they do not require much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to choose from including the freestanding model with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained variety which is hung directly on a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are necessary if you wish to include a fountain. Be sure to hire a professional for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work required.

The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Technology
The published papers and illustrated pamphlets of the day contributed to the advancements of scientific innovation, and were the chief methods of dissiminating useful hydraulic information and water feature suggestions all through Europe. An un-named French water... read more
The Dissemination of Water Feature Design Knowledge
Dissiminating useful hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the published documents and illustrated books of the time. A globally celebrated pioneer in... read more
How Mechanical Concepts of Fountains Spread
Spreading practical hydraulic information and water fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the written papers and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French water feature engineer became an internationally renowned hydraulic... read more
Ancient Outdoor Water Feature Designers
Water fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. ... read more


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