The Original Water Fountains

Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to convey water from canals or creeks to cities and villages, providing the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and cook with. wwlhcj_cv__15757.jpg In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby mountains. Fountains spanning history have been developed as monuments, impressing local citizens and travelers alike. When you encounter a fountain at present, that is not what the first water fountains looked like. The very first recognized water fountain was a stone basin carved that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Rock basins are thought to have been first used around 2000 BC. The jet of water appearing from small spouts was forced by gravity, the sole power source creators had in those days. These historic water fountains were designed to be functional, often situated along reservoirs, creeks and rivers to supply drinking water. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 BC, crafted from rock and bronze. Water for the public fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

Garden Fountains And Public Policy

Berkley, CA citizens voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the first of its kind in the United States. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to inspire a lot more people to select healthier options, such as water. Research was completed to guarantee that people of all races and economic classes had access to thoroughly clean, operating drinking fountains. The study utilized a GPS app to collect data on current water fountains in the city. Researchers then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial factors that affected the city. The 2 data sets were reviewed to identify what class distinctions, if any, there were in access to working water fountains. The study was able to determine the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the state of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The tidiness of lots of fountains was found lacking, even if most were operating.

Ancient Greece: Cultural Statues

Sculptors garnished the lavish columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the time came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it became more common for sculptors be paid to show everyday individuals as well. Portraiture, which would be accepted by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek civilization became traditional as well, and thriving families would sometimes commission a portrait of their forebears to be situated in enormous familial tombs. During the the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of visual development, the use of sculpture and other art forms greatly improved, so it is erroneous to think that the arts delivered merely one function. Greek sculpture is probably enticing to us nowadays as it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it does not matter whether or not its original purpose was religious zeal or artistic enjoyment.

Characteristics of Outdoor Statuary in Archaic Greece

The primitive Greeks manufactured the first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Younger, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. Thought of by Greeks to represent skin care, the kouroi were formed into firm, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, brawny, and athletic. The kouroi grew to be life-sized beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an amazing time of change for the Greeks as they grew into new forms of government, produced unique expressions of art, and attained information of the people and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the conflicts, the Greek civilization continued to progress, unabated.

Early Water Delivery Solutions in Rome

With the development of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to rely entirely on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing systems of the day, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. Throughout the time of its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were situated at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel.

During the some nine years he possessed the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi utilized these manholes to take water from the network in containers, though they were originally established for the function of cleaning and maintaining the aqueduct. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t provide enough water. To give himself with a more useful means to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, providing him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Pets and Fountains

If you are considering getting a water feature, make sure your pets like it. Pets such as dogs may confuse your freestanding fountain with a big pool to cool down in or a pond from which to drink. Adding a water feature to your property is a great idea, one which is certain to benefit your pets. Think about the ideal spot to put your water feature if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. If you want to deliberately attract birds, however, installing a birdbath is an ideal solution. To prevent this, however, setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a great alternative. Dentists’ and doctors’ practices as well as stately homes are just a few of the areas where you can find these types of fountains.

How Mechanical Designs of Fountains Spread
Contributing to the advancement of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the main means of transmitting practical hydraulic facts and... read more
The Distribution of Water Fountain Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the published letters and illustrated books of the time. They were also the main method of transmitting... read more
The Original Water Fountain Designers
Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative master, inventor and scientific... read more


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