The Godfather Of Roman Water Fountains

There are many famous water features in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceived and constructed nearly all of them. He was furthermore a urban architect, in addition to his abilities as a fountain designer, and records of his life's work are noticeable throughout the streets of Rome. p-592-p-591__15059.jpg Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately transferred in Rome, to thoroughly show their artwork in the form of public water features and water fountains. An diligent worker, the young Bernini earned compliments and patronage of various popes and important artists. At the beginning he was recognized for his sculptural expertise. An authority in classic Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a platform and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious effect on him, both personally and professionally.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Garden Fountains

On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have discovered conduits of several kinds. They not merely helped with the water supply, they removed rainwater and wastewater as well. They were typically constructed from clay or rock. Terracotta was used for canals and pipes, both rectangular and circular. There are a couple of good examples of Minoan clay conduits, those with a shortened cone shape and a U-shape which have not been observed in any civilization since. Clay pipelines were used to administer water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters directly below the flooring. The clay pipes were additionally utilized for gathering and saving water. These clay piping were needed to perform: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not really understood why the Minoans wanted to move water without it being noticed. Quality Water Transportation: The conduits may also have been utilized to carry water to fountains which were split from the city’s normal system.

The Positive Benefits of installing a garden fountain in Your Living Space

The area outside your residence can be polished up by including a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Historical fountains and water features have sparked the interest of contemporary designers as well as fountain designers. As such, the impact of integrating one of these to your home decor connects it to past times. In addition to the wonderful attributes of garden fountains, they also generate water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, drawing in birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be useful because they fend off annoying flying insects.

Putting in a wall water feature is your best option for a little garden because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. Two possibilities to choose from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which hangs on a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to include a fountain. Be sure to work with a professional for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work involved.

Features Hydro-statics for Dummies

When in equilibrium, liquid applies force to its container or any other material it comes in contact with. There are 2 forms, hydrostatic load or external forces. The liquid applies the exact amount of force to the various spots that it comes in contact with, provided that the surface is level. An object that’s wholly submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical force on all points of its body. These vertical forces are buoyancy, and the concept by itself is more fully explained by Archimedes’principle. Hydrostatic pressure is created by hydrostatic force, when the force exerts itself on a point of liquid. The containers that make up a city’s fountains, wells, and its water supply system are applications of these techniques.

Rome’s First Water Transport Solutions

Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was constructed in Roma, citizens who lived on hillsides had to travel further down to gather their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people dwelling at greater elevations turned to water taken from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. Starting in the sixteenth century, a newer approach was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to provide water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it less demanding to thoroughly clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the aqueduct, as we discovered with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he bought the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. The cistern he had made to collect rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water specifications. By using an orifice to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was set to suit his water wants.

Garden Water Fountain Designers Through History

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals, During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the artist as an innovative genius, inventor and scientific expert. With his immense curiosity about the forces of nature, he examined the properties and motion of water and also methodically documented his examinations in his now famed notebooks.

Early Italian water feature builders changed private villa settings into inventive water exhibits full of emblematic meaning and natural beauty by coupling creativity with hydraulic and gardening experience. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. For the many lands in the vicinity of Florence, other water fountain creators were well versed in humanist subject areas as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water attributes and water antics.

Water Fountain Builders Through History
Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. During the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the creator as a creative wizard,... read more
The Original Garden Water Features
The water from springs and other sources was originally supplied to the residents of nearby communities and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was mainly practical, not artistic. In the days before electrical power,... read more
The First Outdoor Garden Fountains of History
Water fountains were initially practical in function, used to bring water from canals or springs to towns and villages, providing the inhabitants with... read more


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