The First Outdoor Fountains of Human History

ft-285__48187.jpg Towns and villages relied on practical water fountains to funnel water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, channels, or springs. A source of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the late 19th century. Striking and impressive, big water fountains have been crafted as memorials in many civilizations. Simple in style, the 1st water fountains did not appear much like modern-day fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, used for containing water for drinking and ceremonial purposes. 2,000 B.C. is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to control the circulation of water through the fountain. Situated near aqueducts or springs, the practical public water fountains furnished the local populace with fresh drinking water. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological monsters, and animals began to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., made from rock and bronze. The Romans had an intricate system of aqueducts that provided the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the city.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous water features. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceived and constructed nearly all of them. He was additionally a city architect, in addition to his expertise as a water fountain developer, and remnants of his life's work are evident all through the avenues of Rome. To fully exhibit their art, mainly in the form of community water fountains and water fountains, Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome. An diligent employee, the young Bernini earned compliments and the backing of many popes and influential artists. He was originally recognized for his sculpture. An authority in historical Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a platform and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican.

Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most profound effect on him, both personally and professionally.

Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Appliance

The compliments Agrippa’s water-lifting creation received from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was short-lived. Merely years afterward, in 1592, the early contemporary Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was attached to the Medici’s villa, probably making the unit obsolete. Even though its success was short lived, Camillo Agrippa’s concept for raising water was the wonder of its day, surpassing everything crafted in Italy since the days of early Rome. It could defy gravitation to lift water to Renaissance gardens, feeding them in a way other late 16th century models such as scenographic water presentations, melodious fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Rome’s Early Water Delivery Systems

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, began providing the people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up till then.

If citizens living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the remaining existing techniques of the day, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. Starting in the sixteenth century, a brand new strategy was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to provide water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made reachable by pozzi, or manholes, that were installed along its length when it was first constructed. Though they were primarily planned to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, commencing when he purchased the property in 1543. The cistern he had built to obtain rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat under his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

California's Garden Water Fountain Analysis and Results

In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was enacted in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to submit such a law. The aim is to get men and women drinking more water and other natural beverages by raising the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted an analysis to evaluate whether residents had easy access to working drinking water fountains. The research utilized a GPS app to compile data on current water fountains in the city. Demographic data on race and income was then gathered using the US Census database. The two data sets were reviewed to identify what class differences, if any, there were in access to running water fountains. The research was able to pinpoint the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the condition of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, since quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Countless Kinds of Exterior Fountains

Have you ever considered turning your garden into a haven of tranquility? You can benefit from a water feature by integrating an outdoor fountain to your backyard and creating a place of serenity.

The stream of water sent shooting into the air by a spouting fountain is an spectacular sight to see. Ample, existing ponds can effortlessly be fitted with one of these. You may have encountered one of these in a recreation area or an old estate.

Wall fountains are an perfect illustration of outdoor wall features. Such water features make for a great addition to your yard even if it is small. Whereas spouting fountains produce an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In a very simple process, the water spills out of a spout, trickles down a magnificently textured wall only to be pumped back to the top.

Putting in a fountain with a theme depends totally on the style of your garden. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should think about adding a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Something special and bold could be an option for more modern gardens. Feel free to let your hair down and pick something fun and audacious.

The main quality of a multi-tiered fountain is that water streams from a number of different levels. Cascading fountains is another term used to identify this type of fountain because water flows down multiple levels.

The space needed for an outdoor fountain can be considerable, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. The reservoirs needed for these types of fountains are buried underground which helps you better use your limited space.

Add a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of relaxation. In this style of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is positioned at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain around is the glass fountain. Providing a more classical look are trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are ideal for gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. The water produces a spectacular effect when it streams down the outside of the glass. In some instances, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows over the glass panels. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an interesting façade as the water gently flows downwards.

A large rock drilled with holes which then has tubes inserted into it is what differentiates a bubbling rock fountain. The bubbling and gurgling at the topmost part of this type of fountain are caused by the water being thrust upward at low pressure. Flowing towards the base of the fountain, the water comes back as a slow dribble down the sides of the rock. Small gardens are ideal for this kind of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is perfect because it stops water from being sprayed around in breezy weather.

The trend of setting up solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly prevalent. The lack of cables, the decreased difficulty in managing them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. Outdoor solar-powered fountains are available in myriad different styles, therefore, you will not have to compromise on which one to purchase.

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