The First Outdoor Fountains of History

Towns and villages depended on functional water fountains to funnel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning from local sources like lakes, channels, or creeks. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the later part of the 19th century. Commonly used as memorials and commemorative edifices, water fountains have impressed people from all over the globe all through the ages. Simple in style, the very first water fountains did not appear much like modern fountains. alp_gxt688_2__57952.jpg Created for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the initial fountains were basic carved stone basins. Natural stone basins as fountains have been found from 2000 BC. The force of gravity was the power source that operated the oldest water fountains. These original water fountains were built to be functional, often situated along reservoirs, creeks and waterways to supply drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration began to appear in Rome in approximately 6 BC, normally gods and wildlife, made with stone or copper-base alloy. Water for the communal fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

"Old School" Garden Fountain Designers

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an imaginative intellect, inventor and scientific expert. He systematically documented his findings in his now famed notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the properties and movement of water. Brilliant water displays full of symbolic significance and all-natural wonder transformed private villa settings when early Italian water feature designers paired resourcefulness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise. The splendors in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was widely known for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. Well versed in humanist subject areas and classic scientific readings, other water fountain creators were masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the various mansions near Florence.

How Much Do Pets Benefit from Fountains

Take into account how your cat or dog may react to a water feature before you buy one. Your freestanding fountain may be seen as a big pool or a drinking pond by your dog. Your pets will not be negatively affected if you add a wall water element to your property. You should take into account the fact that birds may think they have found a new place to bathe when they notice your fountain so think well where you put it. Add a birdbath if your aim is to draw birds to your garden. Setting up a wall water fountain inside your house is a good solution if you want to avoid such concerns. Dentists’ and doctors’ practices as well as manor homes are just a few of the areas where you can find these kinds of fountains.

How Mechanical Designs And Styles of Outdoor Spread

The circulated papers and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the development of scientific technology, and were the primary methods of transmitting practical hydraulic concepts and water fountain suggestions throughout Europe. An internationally celebrated innovator in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. His competence in designing landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water fountains began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. He penned a publication named “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the end of his lifetime while in France that came to be the basic text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Replacing principal hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the book also details modern hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work showcased and these included a mechanical means to move water. Natural light heated up the water in a pair of undetectable vessels adjacent to the ornamental water feature were displayed in an illustration. The end result: the water fountain is activated by the hot liquid expanding and ascending up the pipes. Models for pumps, water wheels, water features and garden ponds are also included in the publication.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Water Fountains

There are any number of celebrated Roman water fountains in its city center. Nearly all of them were designed, conceived and built by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city designer, he had abilities as a water feature developer, and records of his life's work are apparent throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a recognized Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately relocated in Rome, to fully express their artwork in the form of community water features and water fountains. An exemplary employee, Bernin earned praise and the the backing of popes and important painters. He was initially renowned for his sculpture. An expert in ancient Greek architecture, he utilized this knowledge as a platform and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble, most famously in the Vatican. He was affected by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Many Designs Available

If you want to create a place to relax as well as add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are perfect because they do not take up much space. When considering the many types of outdoor wall fountains available including traditional, vintage, modern, or Asian, you are certain to find one most suitable to your design ideas. Your tastes determine the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to satisfy you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

There are two distinct sorts of fountains you can buy: mounted and free-standing. You can install a mounted wall fountain because they are small and self-contained. One of the most important features of wall fountains is that they be light, so they are typically made of fiberglass or resin to mirror the look of stone. Stand-alone fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, are sizable, have a basin situated on the ground and a smooth side which leans against a wall. Water features such as these are typically made of cast stone and have no weight restrictions.

Many experienced landscapers prefer custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Hiring an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the required plumbing. It is also necessary to include a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. The cohesive look provided by customized wall fountains make them appear to be part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

How Technical Concepts of Water Fountains Spread
The circulated reports and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the development of scientific technology, and were the chief methods of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water fountain ideas throughout Europe. An unnamed French... read more
Bernini's Water Features
There are many renowned water features in Rome’s city center. One of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, almost all of them were planned, conceptualized and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His... read more
California's Garden Fountain Research and Results
The first implementation of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. By making soda more expensive, it’s expected that parents will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water for... read more

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