The First Documented Garden Water Features of the Historical Past

The water from springs and other sources was initially provided to the inhabitants of nearby towns and cities through water fountains, whose design was primarily practical, not aesthetic. To produce water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and create a jet of water, demanded gravity and a water source such as a creek or reservoir, positioned higher than the fountain. The splendor and wonder of fountains make them ideal for traditional memorials. If you saw the earliest fountains, you would not recognize them as fountains. pd-155__18594.jpg Crafted for drinking water and ceremonial functions, the very first fountains were simple carved stone basins. 2,000 BC is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were used. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to control the flow of water through the fountain. Situated near reservoirs or creeks, the functional public water fountains provided the local populace with fresh drinking water. Beasts, Gods, and Spiritual figures dominated the very early decorative Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 B.C.. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Garden Fountains

There are countless renowned water features in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, conceived and constructed nearly all of them. Traces of his life's efforts are obvious throughout the streets of Rome simply because, in addition to his skills as a water fountain creator, he was additionally a city builder. Eventually transferring to Rome to completely reveal their art, primarily in the form of community water features, Bernini’s father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An excellent employee, the young Bernini acquired compliments and patronage of many popes and important artists. At the beginning he was celebrated for his sculptural skills. Most particularly in the Vatican, he utilized a base of experience in classic Greek architecture and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble. He was influenced by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

"Old School" Water Fountain Manufacturers

Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently functioned as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative genius, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance master. With his immense curiosity about the forces of nature, he investigated the characteristics and movement of water and carefully annotated his observations in his now famed notebooks.

Combining imaginativeness with hydraulic and gardening abilities, early Italian water feature developers transformed private villa settings into amazing water displays filled of emblematic meaning and natural wonder. The humanist Pirro Ligorio offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design. Masterminding the fascinating water marbles, water features and water jokes for the numerous properties in the vicinity of Florence, other water feature creators were well versed in humanistic topics as well as time-honored scientific texts.

How Mechanical Concepts of Water Fountains Spread

Instrumental to the development of scientific technology were the printed letters and illustrated books of the time. They were also the primary method of transferring useful hydraulic facts and fountain design suggestions throughout Europe. In the late 1500's, a French water feature architect (whose name has been lost) was the internationally distinguished hydraulics pioneer. With imperial mandates in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water features. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the fundamental book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was authored by him toward the end of his life in France. Describing modern hydraulic systems, the book also updated critical hydraulic breakthroughs of classical antiquity.

Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanized way of moving water. Sunlight heating liquid in a pair of containers concealed in a room next to an ornamental water fountain was displayed in one illustration. The end result: the water feature is stimulated by the heated water expanding and ascending up the pipes. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water features and outdoor ponds are also included in the book.

California's Water Fountain Study and Results

The first US city to pass a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The goal is to get individuals drinking more water and other natural drinks by elevating the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted research to evaluate whether people had easy access to functioning drinking water fountains. The research utilized a GPS app to collect data on existing water fountains in the city. The US Census Community Study database was used to compile information relating to race and economic status in these segments. The two data sets were reviewed to identify what class disparities, if any, there were in access to working water fountains. The neighboring demographics of each water fountain location was made note of, while additionally deciding whether race or income levels made a difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. Many of the water fountains were not clean or blocked, in spite of the fact that most fountains worked.

Historic Crete & The Minoans: Water Features

Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have revealed a number of varieties of conduits. These were utilized to provide urban centers with water as well as to minimize flooding and get rid of waste. The primary components utilized were stone or clay. When made from clay, they were commonly in the format of canals and circular or rectangular piping. Amidst these were terracotta pipes that were U shaped or a shorter, cone-like form which have exclusively appeared in Minoan civilization. Terracotta piping were used to circulate water at Knossos Palace, running up to three meters beneath the flooring. These Minoan conduits were also used for amassing and stocking water, not just distribution. To make this feasible, the conduits had to be fashioned to handle: Subterranean Water Transportation: It is not quite known why the Minoans wanted to transport water without it being enjoyed. Quality Water Transportation: There’s also information that suggests the piping being used to provide for fountains separately of the domestic process.

The Father Of Roman Water Fountain Design And Style
There are numerous popular water features in the city center of Rome. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, conceived and produced virtually all of them.... read more
Gian Bernini's Outdoor Fountains
In Rome’s city center, there are countless celebrated water features. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, created and... read more
Garden Water Fountains And Obesity
In February 2014, a taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to bring in such a law. The... read more
California's Outdoor Fountain Research and Results
The first American city to pass a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to motivate a lot more people to select healthier options, such as... read more
California's Garden Water Fountain Research and Results
The first American city to pass a tax on sweet drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The tax is supposed to decrease sugary drink consumption and enhance the consumption... read more

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