The Earliest Documented Public Garden Fountains of History

As initially conceived, fountains were crafted to be functional, guiding water from streams or aqueducts to the inhabitants of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking food, washing, and drinking. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, often using an aqueduct or water source located far away in the nearby mountains. Frequently used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed people from all over the planet throughout the ages. pd-109__27881.jpg The common fountains of modern times bear little resemblance to the very first water fountains. Uncomplicated stone basins sculpted from nearby rock were the very first fountains, used for spiritual functions and drinking water. The first stone basins are suspected to be from about 2000 BC. The force of gravity was the power source that operated the initial water fountains. The placement of the fountains was driven by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along reservoirs, canals, or streams. Fountains with flowery decoration began to show up in Rome in approx. 6 BC, normally gods and animals, made with stone or bronze. The City of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the numerous fountains that were placed throughout the urban center.

Animals and Outdoor Fountains

If you are considering getting a water feature, ensure that your pets like it. Your freestanding fountain may be seen as a big pool or a drinking pond by your dog.

Your cherished pets will probably take well to a fountain feature in your yard. You may need to consider where you will locate the fountain as birds may take it as a bathing pond. Setting up a birdbath is a fantastic alternative if you want birds to check out your garden, however. The indoor use of wall water fountains is completely possible if wish to prevent these problems. These types of fountains are great for dental and medical offices, not to mention grand estates.

Rome’s First Water Transport Solutions

Previous to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in Roma, inhabitants who resided on hillsides had to go even further down to get their water from natural sources. During this time period, there were only two other innovations capable of supplying water to elevated areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. Starting in the sixteenth century, a new program was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean segments to provide water to Pincian Hill. The aqueduct’s channel was made attainable by pozzi, or manholes, that were situated along its length when it was first developed. The manholes made it less demanding to maintain the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. The cistern he had built to gather rainwater wasn’t adequate to meet his water specifications. That is when he made a decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran below his residential property.

Agrippa’s Intriguing Water-lifting Appliance

Although the device designed by Agrippa for lifting water attained the admiration of Andrea Bacci in 1588, it appeared to disappear not very long after. Just years later, in 1592, the early contemporary Roman conduit, the Acqua Felice, was linked to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the device outmoded. Even though its glory was passing, Camillo Agrippa’s concept for raising water was the wonder of its day, transcending anything built in Italy since the days of ancient Rome.

It could violate gravity to raise water to Renaissance gardens, supplying them in a way other late 16th century designs which include scenographic water exhibits, musical fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

The Defining Characteristics of Classic Greek Statuary

Archaic Greeks were well known for creating the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. Thought of by Greeks to embody skin care, the kouroi were shaped into rigid, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, brawny, and fit. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was an amazing time of change for the Greeks as they extended into new modes of government, created fresh expressions of art, and achieved knowledge of the people and cultures outside of Greece. However|Nevertheless|Nonetheless}, the Greek civilization was not slowed down by these challenges.

Ancient Water Fountain Designers

Water feature designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the late 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative legend, Leonardo da Vinci toiled as an innovator and scientific guru. With his immense fascination regarding the forces of nature, he investigated the qualities and movement of water and carefully annotated his observations in his now famed notebooks. Combining imagination with hydraulic and horticultural abilities, early Italian water feature developers changed private villa settings into innovative water displays full of emblematic meaning and natural beauty. The humanist Pirro Ligorio brought the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was renowned for his abilities in archeology, architecture and garden design. Well versed in humanist topics and classic technical readings, some other fountain makers were masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the various properties near Florence.

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