The Distribution of Water Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

The circulated documents and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the primary means of dissiminating practical hydraulic information and water fountain suggestions all through Europe. su5080_1__06399.jpg An un-named French water feature designer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. With imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, building experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water hydraulics. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” penned near the end of his lifetime in France, became the fundamental writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The publication updated important hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as detailing modern day hydraulic technologies. As a mechanized way to push water, Archimedes invented the water screw, chief among crucial hydraulic discoveries. Sunlight warmed the water in two undetectable vessels next to the ornamental fountain were displayed in an illustration. Actuating the water fountain is hot liquid which expands and rises to close up the pipes. The book also covers garden ponds, water wheels, water feature designs.

The Many Reasons to Add a Fountain

The inclusion of a wall water feature or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to embellish your yard or garden design. Many contemporary designers and craftsmen have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. You can also reinforce the connection to the past by incorporating one of these to your home's interior design. In addition to the positive attributes of garden fountains, they also generate water and moisture which goes into the air, thereby, drawing in birds as well as other creatures and harmonizing the environment. Birds enticed by a fountain or bird bath often scare away irksome flying pests, for instance.

Wall fountains are a good option if your yard is small because they do not need much space in comparison to a spouting or cascading fountain.

You can choose to install a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an connected basin propped against a fence or wall in your backyard, or a wall-mounted type which is self-contained and hung from a wall. Adding a fountain to an existent wall requires that you add a fountain mask as well as a basin at the bottom to gather the water. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should employ a specialist to do it rather than try to do it alone.

The Main Characteristics of Classic Greek Statuary

The primitive Greeks built the 1st freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are called kouros figures. The kouroi were considered by the Greeks to typify beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising stiffness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and nude. The kouroi grew to be life-sized starting in 650 BC. The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they evolved into more refined forms of government and art, and acquired more information about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece.

The Arcadian battles, the Spartan penetration of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the sorts of clashes that arose commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical change.

Choose from Any Number of Outdoor Wall Fountain Styles

You can create a place to unwind as well as add a touch of style to your porch or yard with a wall fountain since they are great adornments to fit into small space. The myriad of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes. While there are countless prefabricated ones on the market, you may need a customized fountain if none of these are pleasing to you.

The two kinds of fountains available to you are mounted and freestanding models. Mounted wall fountains are small and self-contained versions which can be displayed on a wall. Normally made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these types of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. Floor fountains are freestanding, large, and also have a basin on the ground as well as a flat side against the wall. Typically composed of cast stone, this kind of water feature is not limited in weight.

It is a good idea to incorporate a custom-made fountain into a new or existing wall, something often suggested by landscape professionals. Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a professional mason to do it right. It is also essential to include a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. Custom-built wall fountains lend to a unified look because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

Agrippa’s Marvelous Water-lifting Gadget

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting invention attracted the notice and praise of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the very last mentions of the gadget. It might have turned out to be outdated when the Villa Medici was enabled to obtain water from the Acqua Felice, the early contemporary channel, in 1592. In truth it was probably simply disused when Ferdinando returned to Florence in 1588 following the death of his sibling, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his cardinalship in order to lock in his place as the next Grand Duke of Tuscany. It might go against the law of gravity to lift water to Renaissance landscapes, providing them in a way other late 16th century designs which include scenographic water displays, melodious fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Architectural Statuary in Historic Greece

Sculptors garnished the complex columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the time came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that instant, it became more common for sculptors be paid to portray ordinary individuals as well. Portraiture, which would be recognized by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek society became customary as well, and thriving family members would sometimes commission a portrayal of their forebears to be added in immense familial tombs. The usage of sculpture and other art forms differed over the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of creative progress when the arts had more than one goal. Greek sculpture is possibly fascinating to us today as it was an avant-garde experiment in the historic world, so it does not make a difference whether its original purpose was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

Garden Water Fountain Builders Through History
Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a creative genius, inventor... read more
Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains
There are countless famous fountains in Rome’s city center. Almost all of them were planned, architected and built by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city builder, he had abilities as... read more
Fountains: The Minoan Civilization
Various types and designs of conduits have been found through archaeological excavations on the isle of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan society. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and... read more


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