The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

The circulated reports and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific technology, and were the chief means of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water fountain suggestions throughout Europe. An unnamed French fountain designer came to be an internationally celebrated hydraulic leader in the late 1500's. wwlvs_bl_1__39987.jpg With Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he started his career in Italy, acquiring experience in garden design and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water hydraulics. The text, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written near the end of his life in France, turned out to be the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book modified key hydraulic advancements since classical antiquity as well as describing modern day hydraulic technologies. As a mechanical way to push water, Archimedes invented the water screw, chief among important hydraulic breakthroughs. Sunlight heated the liquid in two undetectable containers next to the ornamental fountain were displayed in an illustration. The heated water expands and then rises and shuts the water pipes thereby triggering the fountain. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water features and outdoor ponds are also covered in the guide.

Select from Any Number of Exterior Wall Fountain Styles

Small verandas or courtyards are a perfect place to set up wall fountains because they add style to an area with limited space. The multitude of designs in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one suitable to your tastes. It is possible to have one custom-made if you are not able to find a pre-assembled fountain to suit you.

Depending on your requirements, you can choose from mounted or freestanding types. Mounted wall fountains are little and self-contained variations which can be hung on a wall. Typically made of resin (to look like stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang. In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise known as wall fountains, the basin is set on the ground with the flat side positioned against a wall. Normally made of cast stone, these water features have no weight limitations.

Custom-made fountains which can be incorporated into a new or existing wall are often prescribed by landscaping designers. Employing an expert mason is your best option to build the basin and install the essential plumbing. The wall will have to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. Custom-built wall fountains add to a unified appearance because they become part of the scenery rather than look like a later addition.

"Old School" Fountain Manufacturers

Frequently serving as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as an ingenious intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso. The forces of nature guided him to investigate the properties and movement of water, and due to his fascination, he methodically recorded his observations in his now celebrated notebooks. Ingenious water exhibits full with symbolic meaning and all-natural beauty converted private villa settings when early Italian water feature creators fused creativity with hydraulic and landscaping abilities. The humanist Pirro Ligorio provided the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli and was celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other water fountain engineers, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water functions and water humor for the many mansions near Florence, were well-versed in humanistic themes and time-honored scientific texts.

The Wide Array of Outdoor Water Features

Make your dream a reality by making an haven of tranquility in your yard. Add a feeling of peace to your garden with an exterior fountain and profit from all the positive benefits of a water feature.

A striking impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water up into the air. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much difficulty. You can find these in public parks or old mansions.

Pick a stylish wall fountain to put outdoors.

These sorts of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a little garden. Wall fountains are not flamboyant water features when compared with a spouting fountain. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, flows down a beautifully textured wall, before being collected at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is suitable for you. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. Something unique and striking could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Just permit your imagination to run loose.

The main attribute of a multi-tiered fountain is that water streams from a number of different levels. Due to the water moving down its multiple levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

The space required for an outdoor fountain can be considerable, therefore, a better alternative is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. These types of fountains are suitable for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are buried underground.

If you seek a feeling of serenity and calmness, install a Japanese fountain as these are believed to bring about such sensations. The water flows through bamboo sticks in this kind of water feature. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled bucket or a shaped stone repeats itself again and again.

Fountains created from glass are another type available. A more vintage look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Water features of this kind are a perfect option for gardens with many sharp edges along with contemporary shapes and design. The water produces a dazzling effect when it runs down the surface of the glass. In some instances, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass sheets. With water softly streaming down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of fake rock, are a possible option for your garden.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the middle with pipes. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the result of the low pressure used to trigger the water upwards. Downward flowing water appears as soft dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. This sort of fountain is perfectly suited for little gardens. Water is moved at low pressure in this kind of fountain, so you can rest assured that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

Solar powered fountains have become more fashionable recently since they run on sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electric bills, and the favorable effects they have on our environment. The numerous designs in outdoor solar-powered fountains means you will not have to compromise on style.

Agrippa’s Intriguing Water-lifting Machine

Sadly, Agrippa’s great design for lifting water was not cited much following 1588, when Andrea Bacci applauded it openly. Just years afterward, in 1592, the earliest modern Roman aqueduct, the Acqua Felice, was attached to the Medici’s villa, perhaps making the technology outmoded. The more plausible conclusion is that the system was forgotten once Franceso di Medici, Ferdinando’s brotherpassed away in 1588, leading him to give up his position as cardinal and return to Florence where he obtained the throne as the Grand Duke of Tuscany. There may have been other impressive water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the late sixteenth century, including water fountains that played music, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water displays, but nothing was motorized by water that defied gravity.

The Many Reasons to Include a Water Feature

The area outside your residence can be polished up by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Contemporary designers and fountain builders alike use historical fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, the effect of integrating one of these to your home decor binds it to past times. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which add to the advantages of having one of these beautiful water features. For example, birds lured by a fountain or birdbath can be helpful because they fend off bothersome flying insects.

The space necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the perfect size for a small yard. Either a freestanding fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted style which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the options from which you can choose. Be sure to include a fountain mask to an existing wall and a basin to collect the water at the base if you wish to add a fountain to your living area. It is best not to attempt this job on your own as professional plumbers and masons are best suited to do this kind of work.

The Dissemination of Outdoor Fountain Design Knowledge
Throughout the European countries, the principal means of dissiminating useful hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the published papers and illustrated books of the day, which contributed to the... read more
Water Fountain Engineers Through History
Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and... read more
Gian Bernini's Water Features
There are countless renowned water fountains in Rome’s city center. One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, conceived and... read more
Garden Fountains Hydro-Statics 101
From its housing vessel to other components it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium exerts force on everything it meets. There exist two kinds of force, hydrostatic energies and external forces. When pressing... read more


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