Statuary As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece

The initial freestanding sculpture was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable success since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of the freestanding statues were of young, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are referred to as kouros figures. 50287sl__20905.jpg Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were created to look stiff and always had foot in front; the males were healthy, robust, and nude. The kouroi started to be life-sized beginning in 650 BC. A significant period of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about newer forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a higher appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. Similar to many other periods of historical conflict, disagreements were commonplace, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Agrippa’s Marvelous Water-lifting Appliance

The praise Agrippa’s water-lifting creation earned from Andrea Bacci in 1588 was temporary. It may possibly be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s early modern aqueducts made the system obsolete when it was hooked up to the Villa Medici in 1592. Its utilization might have been brief but Camillo Agrippa’s invention occupied a significant place in history as the most spectacular water-lifting system of its type in Italy prior to the contemporary era. There might have been different impressive water-related works in Renaissance landscapes in the later part of the sixteenth century, including water fountains which played tunes, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and even scenographic water exhibits, but none were powered by water that defied gravity.

Your Garden: The Perfect Spot for a Fountain

You can perfect your exterior space by including a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your property or gardening project. Many current designers and craftsmen have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. As such, integrating one of these to your home design is a superb way to connect it to the past. The benefit of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also attracts birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it releases into the atmosphere. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be useful because they fend off bothersome flying insects.

Wall fountains are a good option if your yard is small because they do not need much space as compared to a spouting or cascading fountain. There are two types of fountains to pick from including the freestanding version with a flat back and an attached basin set up against a fence or a wall in your yard, or the wall-mounted, self-contained variety which is hung directly on a wall. Both a fountain mask placed on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are necessary if you wish to add a fountain. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should hire a specialist to do it rather than attempt to do it alone.

Pick from Many Outdoor Wall Fountain Styles

Wall fountains are well suited to small verandas or gardens because they do not require too much space while also adding a touch of style and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. The multitude of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your tastes. If you are looking for a distinctive design, a customized one can be specially made to meet your specifications.

Mounted and stand-alone water features are readily available on the market. You can hang a mounted wall fountain because they are small and self-contained. One of the most important aspects of wall fountains is that they be lightweight, so they are normally made of fiberglass or resin to mirror the look of stone. Large-sized free-standing wall fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, have their basins positioned on the floor and a smooth side leaning on a wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight restrictions.

It is a good idea to integrate a customized fountain into a new or existing wall, something often recommended by landscape experts.

A expert mason is required to place the water basin against the wall and properly install all the plumbing inside or behind the wall. The wall will need to have a spout or fountain mask incorporated into it. Customized wall fountains lend to a unified appearance because they become part of the landscape rather than look like a later addition.

Creators of the First Garden Fountains

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain creators were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci as a imaginative master, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance creator. He methodically annotated his examinations in his now much celebrated notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and mobility of water. Converting private villa configurations into imaginative water exhibits complete with symbolic interpretation and natural wonder, early Italian fountain designers combined imagination with hydraulic and horticultural expertise. The brilliance in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design.

Well versed in humanistic themes and classical technical texts, some other water fountain makers were masterminding the excellent water marbles, water properties and water pranks for the various lands around Florence.

Features Hydro-statics for Dummies

Liquid in a state of equilibrium exerts force on the objects it touches, including its container. There are two forms, hydrostatic load or outside forces. When pressing against a level wall, the fluid applies equal force at various points on the wall. An object that’s fully submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical energy on all points of its body. This applied force is known as buoyancy, while the principle itself is known as Archimedes’ principle. Hydrostatic pressure is made by hydrostatic force, when the force exerts itself on a point of liquid. A city’s water supply system, fountains, and artesian wells are all illustrations of the application of these concepts on containers.

How Mechanical Concepts of Water Fountains Spread
The circulated papers and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the development of scientific technology, and were the primary means of dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain ideas all through... read more
Free Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, California
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Modern Water Fountains And Public Health
The first example of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to motivate more people to select healthier options, such as water.... read more


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