Public Water Fountains in Berkley, California

In February 2014, a charge on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to introduce such a regulation. wwlhcr_bl_1__84011.jpg The goal is to have people drinking more water and other natural drinks by increasing the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Efforts were made to find out the condition of community drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods. Using information collected by a mobile GPS app, researchers were able to establish the condition of existing water fountains in Berkley. Specialists then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial factors that impacted the city. Comparisons were made between the location and demographic data, uncovering whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. The surrounding demographics of each water fountain location was made note of, while additionally identifying whether race or income levels made a huge difference in the state of repair of each individual fountain. The cleanliness of numerous fountains was found lacking, even if most were operating.

Inventors of the First Garden Fountains

Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative intellect, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance artist. The forces of nature guided him to analyze the qualities and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically captured his ideas in his now famed notebooks. Brilliant water displays complete with symbolic meaning and all-natural grace changed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain designers coupled creativity with hydraulic and landscaping expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. For the assorted estates in the vicinity of Florence, other water fountain builders were well versed in humanistic themes as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water attributes and water antics.

Choose from Many Exterior Wall Fountain Styles

Small verandas or courtyards are an ideal place to set up wall fountains because they add style to an area with limited space. The myriad of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your tastes. Your tastes dictate the type you buy so while there may not be a prefabricated fountain to satisfy you, you do have the option of having a customized one.

There are two distinct styles of fountains you can buy: mounted and stand-alone.

Mounted wall fountains are small and self-contained variations which can be hung on a wall. Wall fountains made of resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass are typically lightweight so they can be easily hung. Large-sized free-standing wall fountains, often referred to as floor fountains, have their basins located on the floor and a flat side leaning on a wall. Typically composed of cast stone, this type of water feature is not limited in weight.

Customized fountains which can be incorporated into a new or existing wall are often recommended by landscaping designers. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work needs a professional mason to do it properly. It is also necessary to add a spout or fountain mask to build it into the wall. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, get a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

The Very First Water Features of Human History

The water from creeks and other sources was originally delivered to the occupants of nearby communities and municipalities via water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not artistic. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, often using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the surrounding mountains. Fountains throughout history have been created as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and visitors alike. The common fountains of modern times bear little similarity to the first water fountains. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial reasons, the initial fountains were simple carved stone basins. The original stone basins are thought to be from around 2000 B.C.. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to manipulate the movement of water through the fountain. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became decorative public statues, as pretty as they are functional.

Fountains with ornate decoration started to show up in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., usually gods and wildlife, made with natural stone or bronze. Water for the public fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

"Primitive" Greek Artistry: Garden Statuary

Archaic Greeks were well known for developing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were made out of walls and pillars as reliefs. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Regarded as by Greeks to embody splendour, the kouroi were created into stiff, forward facing positions with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were usually nude, muscular, and athletic. Around 650 BC, life-sized versions of the kouroi began to be observed. Throughout the Archaic time, a great time of change, the Greeks were evolving new forms of government, expressions of art, and a deeper understanding of people and cultures outside Greece. But in spite of the issues, the Greek civilization continued to progress, unabated.

Fountains And Their Use In Crete & Minoa

Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have revealed a number of types of conduits. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. They were commonly constructed from terracotta or rock. There were terracotta pipelines, both circular and rectangle-shaped as well as pathways made from the same materials. Amidst these were clay pipes that were U-shaped or a shortened, cone-like shape which have only showed up in Minoan culture. Terracotta water lines were laid under the floor surfaces at Knossos Palace and utilized to circulate water. The clay conduits were also utilized for gathering and saving water. This called for the clay pipes to be suitable for holding water without losing it. Subterranean Water Transportation: It’s not quite understood why the Minoans required to move water without it being seen. Quality Water Transportation: The water pipes could also have been made use of to take water to water fountains which were separate from the city’s general system.

Free Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, Ca
The first example of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The objective is to get individuals drinking more water and other natural beverages by raising the cost of soda and other... read more
Outdoor Fountains And Their Role in Public Health
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A Short History of the Early Outdoor Garden Fountains
The water from rivers and other sources was initially delivered to the citizens of nearby towns and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was largely practical, not artistic. To generate... read more

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