Public Drinking Fountains in Berkley, Ca

Berkley, CA people voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. By making soda more costly, it’s thought that parents will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water as an example. Research was performed to find out the reputation of local drinking water fountains and whether people from different racial or economical backgrounds had reduced availability to them. The research utilized a GPS app to gather data on existing water fountains in the city. a-558__93715.jpg This information was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income obtained from the US Census Community Study database. The two data sets were compared to identify what class variances, if any, there were in access to functioning water fountains. They were in a position to uncover the demographics of regions surrounding established fountains, as well as the cleanliness and maintenance of fountains across various areas. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an astonishing number were uncovered to be in a bad state of repairs.

Hydro-Statics & Garden Fountains: An Overview

When in equilibrium, liquid applies force to its container or any other material it comes in contact with. There are two types of force, hydrostatic energies and external forces. When used against a level surface, the liquid applies equal force against all points of that surface. When an subject is thoroughly submerged in a liquid, vertical force is applied to the object at every point. We refer to this concept as Archimedes’ principle, which deals with the forces of buoyancy. Hydrostatic pressure is created by hydrostatic force, when the force exerts itself on a point of liquid. Examples of these containers can be uncovered in the manner in which a city circulates water, along with its fountains and artesian wells.

The Many Kinds of Exterior Fountains

Is it possible for you to convert your yard into a haven of peace? You can benefit from a water feature by integrating an outdoor fountain to your property and creating a place of serenity.

The magnificence of a spouting fountain can be observed when it sends a stream of shooting water into the air. If your pond is sufficiently large, it can be incorporated without trouble. You can find these in community parks or old mansions.

Wall fountains are an excellent example of outdoor wall features. Such water features make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. While spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. In this simple process. the water which is pushed out of a small opening, streams down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the base before being pumped back to the top.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is right for you. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a traditional type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Consider installing something bolder and distinctive for a contemporary garden. Let your imagination run free to choose the best option.

Tiered fountains are unique because the water moves down multiple levels. Water flows down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of room, fit in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. Since the reservoirs required for these kinds of fountains are hidden below the ground, you can make the most of the space at your disposal.

Japanese fountains are thought to lend a sense of tranquility and wellness. In this style of water feature the water flows through bamboo sticks. The repetition of water streaming into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this type of fountain.

Fountains composed of glass are another type on the market. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this kind have a more traditional feel. Gardens with numerous sharp edges as well as modern forms and designs are better for these types of water features. The flowing water produces a striking effect as it moves down the glass panels.

Colored LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it moves down the sheet of glass. With water softly flowing down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a possible solution for your garden.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the center with tubes. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to propel the water upwards. The water comes back gently dripping down the sides of the rock to reach its starting point. This is yet another possibility for gardens with restricted space. To ensure that water is not sprayed around if it begins to get windy, this kind of fountain is the best choice since it only uses low pressure to move water.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in installing them, the decrease in electricity bills, and the positive effects they have on our ecosystem. The varied designs in outdoor solar-run fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

The Original Outside Water Fountain Designers

Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a imaginative master, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance master. He carefully registered his observations in his now much celebrated notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the properties and movement of water. Ingenious water exhibits complete with symbolic significance and natural charm converted private villa settings when early Italian fountain creators fused creativity with hydraulic and gardening abilities. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Other water feature developers, masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water functions and water jokes for the many properties near Florence, were tried and tested in humanist themes and traditional scientific readings.

Statues As a Staple of Vintage Art in Ancient Greece

The Archaic Greeks developed the 1st freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi, regarded by the Greeks to exemplify beauty, had one foot stretched out of a strict forward-facing pose and the male figurines were regularly unclothed, with a strong, sturdy physique. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. During the Archaic period, a great time of change, the Greeks were developing new forms of government, expressions of art, and a larger comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. Conflicts like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars among city-states are indicatory of the disruptive nature of the time, which was similar to other periods of historical upset. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Delivery Systems

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, people living at higher elevations had to depend on natural creeks for their water. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the remaining existing technologies of the day, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they applied the new strategy of redirecting the flow from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. While these manholes were developed to make it less difficult to preserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was carried out by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t adequate to fulfill his needs. To provide himself with a much more streamlined means to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, giving him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

The First Water Fountains of the Historical Past
The water from creeks and other sources was originally supplied to the inhabitants of nearby towns and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was... read more
Outdoor Water Features Found in Historical Documents
As originally conceived, water fountains were designed to be functional, directing water from streams or aqueducts to the citizens of cities and villages, where the water could be used for cooking, washing, and drinking. To generate... read more
Choose from all Kinds of External Fountains
Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be rapidly trendy. The reasons for this are diverse, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the decreased power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. You will not... read more


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