Outdoor Water Fountains And Their Role in Public Health

cpi_80236el__05852.jpg Berkley, CA people voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The aim is to get everyone drinking more water and other natural beverages by raising the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted an analysis to evaluate whether citizens had proper access to working drinking water fountains. Important information on the city’s drinking water fountains were pulled together using a GPS created specifically for the research. This information was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income collected from the US Census Community Study database. The research workers sought to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were interconnected to drinking water fountain access. They were able to confirm the demographics of areas surrounding existing fountains, as well as the cleanliness and maintenance of fountains across assorted communities. While the majority of the fountains were in working order, an escalating quantity were discovered to be in a bad state of repairs.

Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Problems

Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, started providing the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up till then. If inhabitants residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the other existing systems of the time, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. To deliver water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they implemented the new strategy of redirecting the circulation from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground channel. The aqueduct’s channel was made available by pozzi, or manholes, that were positioned along its length when it was 1st engineered. Even though they were primarily developed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi began using the manholes to collect water from the channel, opening when he purchased the property in 1543. He didn’t get an adequate amount water from the cistern that he had constructed on his property to gather rainwater. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat just below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

Garden Water Fountains Lost to History

The water from springs and other sources was initially supplied to the occupants of nearby communities and municipalities by way of water fountains, whose design was mainly practical, not artistic. To generate water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, mandated the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, located higher than the fountain.

Fountains all through history have been crafted as memorials, impressing local citizens and tourists alike. If you saw the earliest fountains, you probably would not identify them as fountains. The very first recognized water fountain was a rock basin created that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. Pure stone basins as fountains have been discovered from 2,000 B.C.. The first civilizations that made use of fountains depended on gravity to push water through spigots. Situated near reservoirs or creeks, the functional public water fountains furnished the local citizens with fresh drinking water. The Romans began building elaborate fountains in 6 BC, most of which were metallic or stone masks of animals and mythological representations. The people of Rome had an intricate system of aqueducts that provided the water for the countless fountains that were situated throughout the city.

Water-lifting System by Camillo Agrippa

The compliments Agrippa’s water-lifting invention earned by Andrea Bacci in 1588 was short-lived. It may have come to be dated once the Villa Medici was set to get water from the Acqua Felice, the early modern conduit, in 1592. This is all the more heartbreaking bearing in mind how spectacular Camillo Agrippa’s device was, completely unique in Italy during the hundreds of years that transpired between the fall of ancient Rome and the current era. It could go against the law of gravity to raise water to Renaissance gardens, feeding them in a way other late 16th century models which include scenographic water presentations, music fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Contemporary Statues in Old Greece

Sculptors ornamented the complex columns and archways with renderings of the greek gods until the period came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their religion as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it grew to be more common for sculptors be paid to show ordinary people as well. Often times, a depiction of wealthy families' ancestors would be commissioned to be laid inside of huge familial tombs, and portraiture, which would be copied by the Romans upon their conquering of Greek civilization, also became customary. It is amiss to think that the arts had one purpose during the course of The Classical Greek period, a time period of creative achievement during which the use of sculpture and various other art forms changed. It may possibly be the modern quality of Greek sculpture that grabs our awareness these days; it was on a leading-edge practice of the classic world whether it was made for religious reasons or aesthetic pleasure.

Exterior Fountains Come in Many Shapes and Sizes

Make your dream a reality by making an haven of tranquility in your garden. You can benefit from a water feature by integrating an outdoor fountain to your property and creating a place of serenity.

The magnificence of a spouting fountain can be seen when it propels a stream of shooting water into the air. Sizable, preexisting ponds can easily be fitted with one of these. You can find these in public recreational areas or old mansions.

Outdoor water features are available in different shapes and sizes, one of which is a fancy wall fountain. These types of fountains make great water features even if you only have a small garden. While spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are more understated water features. It is straightforward process wherein a small jet of water pours outwards in front of a beautifully textured wall and then flows down only to be pumped up again.

Themed fountains are ideal when the style of your garden allows for them. A cherub grasping a spout is one of the possible kinds of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to fit a rustically themed cottage or garden. Consider installing something bolder and unique for a modern-day garden. Just allow your creativity to run loose.

The primary attribute of a multi-tiered fountain is that water flows from a number of different levels. Water streaming down multiple tiers of this water feature is the primary characteristic of a cascading fountain.

The space required for an outdoor fountain can be vast, therefore, a better solution is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight below ground.

Japanese fountains are thought to impart a feeling of tranquility and wellness. The water passes through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. The cycle of water flowing into a rustic-styled recipient or a shaped stone repeats itself again and again.

Fountains made of glass are another type available. A more traditional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which showcase shaped metalwork. Gardens with numerous sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and designs are better for these types of water features. The flowing water creates a beautiful effect as it moves down the glass panels. Some fountains also include colored LED lights to shine onto the sheets of glass as water cascades downwards. The jagged surface of rock waterfall fountain creates an appealing façade as the water gently trickles downwards.

Bubbling rock fountains are large stones drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the center. The gurgles and bubbles at the top are the product of the low pressure used to force the water upwards. Downward flowing water appears as soft dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to return to its base. Gardens with limited space are good areas to include this style of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is ideal because it stops water from being sprayed around in windy weather.

Powered by sunlight, solar fountains are growing to be increasingly trendy. The reasons for this are diverse, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the decreased power bills and the beneficial impact on our environment. It is not necessary to choose a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of styles found on the market.

Archaic Greek Artistry: Outdoor Statuary
The first freestanding sculpture was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable accomplishment since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls... read more
The Outdoor Water Features
Towns and communities relied on working water fountains to funnel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or springs. To generate water flow through a fountain until the... read more
The Countless Styles of Water Wall Fountains
Many experienced landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. A skilled mason is required to install the water... read more


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