The Original Water Feature Designers

Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative master, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance master.

The forces of nature inspired him to analyze the qualities and motion of water, and due to his fascination, he systematically captured his observations in his now renowned notebooks. Innovative water displays full with symbolic significance and natural grace changed private villa settings when early Italian fountain designers fused resourcefulness with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The splendors in Tivoli were created by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was famed for his skill in archeology, engineering and garden design. The portrayal Other fountain engineers, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water attributes and water humor for the countless estates near Florence, were tried and tested in humanistic subjects and time-honored scientific readings.