Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Device

Sadly, Agrippa’s great plan for lifting water was not referred to much after 1588, when Andrea Bacci acknowledged it publicly. It could perhaps be that in 1592 when Rome’s latest waterway, the Acqua Felice, set about supplying the Villa Medici, there was simply no longer much need for the equipment. Water-Lifting impression Though its success was temporary, Camillo Agrippa’s layout for raising water was the wonder of its day, transcending anything crafted in Italy since the days of early Rome.

Renaissance landscapes of the late 16th century were home to works like melodious water fountains, scenographic water displays and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these were not filled with water in ways which defied the force of gravity itself.

Water Transport Solutions in Early Rome

Prior to 273, when the first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was established in Roma, inhabitants who dwelled on hills had to journey even further down to get their water from natural sources. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the remaining existing solutions of the day, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground.

From the beginning of the sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the underground channel of Acqua Vergine. The aqueduct’s channel was made attainable by pozzi, or manholes, that were situated along its length when it was first designed. While these manholes were created to make it easier to protect the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was practiced by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his death in 1552.

The cistern he had built to collect rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water demands. By using an orifice to the aqueduct that ran underneath his property, he was in a position to satisfy his water desires.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Features

In Rome’s city center, there are countless celebrated fountains. Forgotten original One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were planned, conceptualized and built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city designer, he had abilities as a water fountain developer, and marks of his life's work are noticeable throughout the avenues of Rome.

Ultimately travelling to Rome to totally express their art, chiefly in the shape of public water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, guided his young son. The juvenile Bernini was an exemplary worker and earned encouragement and patronage of significant artists as well as popes. Initially he was renowned for his sculpting skills.

Working gracefully with Roman marble, he used a base of knowledge in the historical Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican.

He was influenced by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

Garden Fountains And Obesity

Berkley, CA citizens voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. By making soda more expensive, it’s thought that individuals will make healthier choices for what their children drink, like water for instance.

Research was conducted to find out the status of local drinking water fountains and whether people from different racial or economic backgrounds had less availability to them. By developing a mobile GPS application, experts were able to amass data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains.

Analysts then used US Census data to find out more about the economic and racial factors that affected the city.

Comparisons were made between the location and demographic data, revealing whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were studied to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their level of maintenance showed any relationship to income, race, or other points. While the majority of the fountains were in working order, an astonishing number were found to be in a poor state of repairs.