Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Fountains

There are numerous popular water features in the city center of Rome. p-698__80894.jpg Nearly all of them were planned, architected and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His expertise as a fountain designer and also as a city designer, are obvious all through the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they ultimately moved to Rome, in order to fully express their art, primarily in the form of public water fountains and water features. An excellent employee, the young Bernini acquired compliments and the backing of many popes and influential designers. At first he was renowned for his sculpting skills. Working gracefully with Roman marble, he used a base of expertise in the ancient Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. He was affected by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

The Original Outdoor Water Feature Artists

Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a inspiring legend, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an innovator and scientific guru. The forces of nature guided him to investigate the properties and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he methodically documented his experiences in his now celebrated notebooks. Converting private villa settings into innovative water showcases packed with symbolic interpretation and natural beauty, early Italian fountain designers combined imagination with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was celebrated for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design. Other water fountain engineers, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water antics for the many domains near Florence, were tried and tested in humanistic topics and classical scientific readings.

Introduction to Hydrostatics

All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert force on the materials it comes in contact with. These fall into two groupings, hydrostatic load or outside force. The liquid applies the same amount of force to the varied spots that it comes in contact with, provided that the surface is standard. An object that’s wholly submerged in a fluid that’s in equilibrium experiences vertical energy on all points of its body. These vertical forces are buoyancy, and the concept itself is more fully described by Archimedes’principle. Hydrostatic pressure is made by hydrostatic force, when the force exerts itself on a point of liquid. Examples of these containers can be uncovered in the way a city disperses water, along with its fountains and artesian wells.

Animals and Outdoor Garden Fountains

House pets may be wary of a new water feature so make sure to take them into consideration before buying one. A pet dog or cat may think that a stand-alone fountain is a large pool or a drinking pond. Consider setting up a water element in your yard since it is a feature that will affect your much loved pets positively. Give some thought to the ideal spot to put your fountain if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. If you want to deliberately attract birds, however, installing a birdbath is an ideal solution. Wall water fountains are excellent for indoor use as well if you want to avoid these issues. These sorts of fountains are great for dental and medical offices, not to mention grand estates.

Free Water Fountains in and Around Berkley, California

The 1st American city to pass a tax on sugary drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The taxation is thought to minimize sugary drink intake and improve the consumption of healthier beverages, such as water from fountains. Research was conducted to ensure that individuals of all races and economic classes had access to thoroughly clean, working drinking fountains. Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were assembled using a GPS created specifically for the research. Demographic data on race and income was then assembled using the US Census database. Evaluations were made between the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected access to clean, working water fountains. The testing was able to determine the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the shape of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The tidiness of various fountains was found lacking, even if most were operating.

Agrippa's Amazing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Mechanism

Sadly, Agrippa’s excellent plan for lifting water wasn’t cited a lot following 1588, when Andrea Bacci applauded it openly. It could be that the Acqua Felice, the second of Rome’s initial modern conduits made the unit outdated when it was connected to the Villa Medici in 1592. In reality it was perhaps merely abandoned when Ferdinando went to Florence in 1588 soon after the expiry of his sibling, Francesco di Medici, leading Ferdinando to give up his position as a cardinal in order to safeguard his position as the upcoming Grand Duke of Tuscany. Renaissance gardens of the later part of the 16th century were home to works such as musical fountains, scenographic water demonstrations and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these weren’t filled with water in ways that violated gravity itself.

A Brief History of the First Garden Fountains
As originally developed, fountains were crafted to be practical, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the inhabitants of towns and villages, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. To generate water... read more
The Very First Outdoor Water Fountains of History
Towns and communities relied on practical water fountains to channel water for cooking, bathing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or... read more
The Earliest Documented Outdoor Water Fountains of History
The water from springs and other sources was originally provided to the occupants of nearby communities and municipalities through water fountains, whose design was mainly practical, not aesthetic. The force of gravity was the... read more
The Earliest Documented Outdoor Water Fountains of Human History
Villages and communities depended on practical water fountains to channel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning from local sources like lakes,... read more
The Very First Public Water Features of the Historical Past
Villages and communities depended on functional water fountains to funnel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, channels, or springs. To produce water flow through a fountain until the... read more
Pick from all Types of Outdoor Water Features
Solar powered fountains have become more fashionable recently since they run on sunlight. The advantages of using this type of solar powered fountain is the lack of cables, lowered difficulty in... read more


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