Fountains: The Minoan Civilization

p_710__64056.jpg Various types and designs of conduits have been found through archaeological excavations on the isle of Crete, the birthplace of Minoan society. They were used for water supply as well as removal of storm water and wastewater. The principle components utilized were stone or clay. When made from terracotta, they were commonly in the form of canals and circular or rectangular pipes. There are a couple of examples of Minoan clay piping, those with a shortened cone form and a U-shape that haven’t been caught in any society since. The water supply at Knossos Palace was handled with a strategy of terracotta piping which was positioned below the floor, at depths starting from a few centimeters to several meters. The pipes also had other applications such as gathering water and diverting it to a primary place for storing. Therefore, these pipelines had to be ready to: Below ground Water Transportation: At first this particular technique would seem to have been fashioned not quite for ease but to provide water for certain people or rites without it being spotted. Quality Water Transportation: The pipes may furthermore have been chosen to move water to water fountains that were separate from the city’s general system.

"Primitive" Greek Artistry: Outdoor Statuary

The initial freestanding statuary was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable success since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Kouros figures, statues of young, good-looking male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the greater part of the sculptures. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to embody beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising stiffness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, brawny, and undressing. The kouroi grew to be life-sized starting in 650 BC.

The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they progressed into more polished forms of federal government and art, and acquired more information and facts about the peoples and societies outside of Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization went on to progress, unabated.

The Vast Array of Outdoor Fountains

Is it possible for you to transform your yard into a haven of serenity? Incorporating a fountain into your yard provides tranquility as well as a variety of powerful effects that come with having a water feature.

A eye-catching impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. Large, existing ponds can have one of these incorporated without much hassle. You may have encountered one of these in a park or an old mansion.

One of the myriad examples of an outdoor water feature is a stylish wall fountain. These types of fountains make for a fantastic addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains are not flamboyant water features as compared to a spouting fountain. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, runs down a beautifully textured wall, before being recovered at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Your garden’s style dictates whether a themed fountain is right for you. In a rustic themed cottage or yard, a traditional styled statue for your fountain could include cherubs holding the spout. Something unique and bold could be an option for more modern gardens. Feel free to let your hair down and go with something interesting and intrepid.

The main characteristic of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Water runs down numerous tiers in a cascading fountain.

Since outdoor fountains occupy a great deal of space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. The reservoirs necessary for these types of water features are buried underground which helps you better use your limited space.

Serenity and well-being are some of the main sensations imparted by Japanese fountains. The water passes through bamboo sticks in this type of water feature. The cycle of water falling into a rustic-styled bucket or a shaped stone repeats itself again and again.

Glass fountains make up another group of fountain. Trellis-style fountains of this sort, feature molded metalwork which provides a more conventional look. However, this style of water feature is better suited to backyard gardens with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and design. The water produces a spectacular effect when it runs down the surface of the glass. LED lights are also used in some fountains to flash color across the water as it flows downward on the glass sheet. With water softly running down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of imitation rock, are a possible solution for your garden.

A large rock drilled with holes which then has tubes inserted into it is what differentiates a bubbling rock fountain. In this sort of fountain, water is driven upwards at low pressure to cause it to bubble and gurgle at the top. The water comes back gently trickling down the sides of the rock to reach its starting point. Small gardens are perfect for this sort of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being spattered about in case of a windy day.

Solar powered fountains have become more fashionable recently because they run on sunlight. The reasons for this are varied, from the absence of wires and the reduced complexities to the lower power bills and the beneficial effects on our environment. There is no need to choose a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of designs found on the market.

Your Garden: The Perfect Spot for a Garden Fountain

You can enhance your exterior space by adding a wall fountain or an outdoor garden water feature to your property or gardening project. Many contemporary designers and artisans have been influenced by historical fountains and water features. As such, introducing one of these to your interior is a superb way to connect it to the past. Among the many attributes of these beautiful garden fountains is the water and moisture they release into the air which attracts birds and other wild life as well as helps to balance the ecosystem. For example, birds attracted by a fountain or birdbath can be useful because they fend off irritating flying insects.

Putting in a wall fountain is your best solution for a little garden because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. Either a stand-alone fountain with an even back and an attached basin set against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted kind which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the possibilities from which you can choose. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are necessary if you wish to add a fountain. Since the plumbing and masonry work is extensive to complete this type of job, you should hire a specialist to do it rather than try to do it alone.

The First Documented Garden Water Features of Human History

Villages and villages relied on practical water fountains to channel water for preparing food, bathing, and cleaning from local sources like ponds, channels, or creeks. In the years before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity only, commonly using an aqueduct or water resource located far away in the nearby mountains. Commonly used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have inspired people from all over the world throughout the centuries. The contemporary fountains of today bear little similarity to the first water fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and spiritual purposes. Stone basins are thought to have been first utilized around 2000 BC. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to control the movement of water through the fountain. Situated near reservoirs or creeks, the practical public water fountains provided the local residents with fresh drinking water. Animals, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the early ornate Roman fountains, beginning to show up in about 6 BC. The impressive aqueducts of Rome provided water to the eye-catching public fountains, most of which you can go see today.

Water Transport Strategies in Early Rome

With the manufacturing of the 1st raised aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to be dependent exclusively on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. During this time period, there were only two other systems capable of delivering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. Starting in the sixteenth century, a unique program was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to generate water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at standard intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were created to make it simpler and easier to maintain the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he invested in the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t produce enough water. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

Water Features Lost to History
Water fountains were at first practical in function, used to deliver water from canals or creeks to cities and villages, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to... read more
Your Garden: A Great Spot for a Garden Fountain
Putting in a wall water feature is your best option for a little backyard because a spouting or cascading fountain occupies too much space. You can choose to install a stand-alone fountain with a flat back and an attached basin propped... read more


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