Creators of the First Water Fountains

Multi-talented people, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically functioned as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Exemplifying the Renaissance artist as a innovative genius, Leonardo da Vinci worked as an inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature inspired him to investigate the properties and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he methodically documented his observations in his now renowned notebooks. wwlhcr_bl__44665.jpg Combining inventiveness with hydraulic and landscaping expertise, early Italian water fountain developers changed private villa settings into brilliant water exhibits loaded with emblematic meaning and natural elegance. The humanist Pirro Ligorio supplied the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was recognized for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden concepts. Masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water jokes for the numerous properties in the vicinity of Florence, some other water feature designers were well versed in humanistic issues as well as classical scientific texts.

Agrippa's Astonishing, but Mostly Forgotten Water-Lifting Device

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting creation lured the notice and compliments of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the last mentions of the mechanism. Merely years later, in 1592, the early modern Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was connected to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the device obsolete. This becomes all the more tragic given how amazing Camillo Agrippa’s technology was, entirely unique in Italy during the centuries that passed between the decline of ancient Rome and the modern period. Renaissance landscapes of the later part of the 16th century were home to works such as melodious water features, scenographic water presentations and water caprices (giochi d’acqua), but these were not outfitted with water in ways that defied gravitation itself.

The Earliest Documented Garden Fountains of the Historical Past

The water from springs and other sources was originally delivered to the citizens of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose design was primarily practical, not artistic. To make water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and generate a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a spring or reservoir, located higher than the fountain. Fountains throughout history have been designed as monuments, impressing hometown citizens and visitors alike. The common fountains of today bear little likeness to the very first water fountains. Simple stone basins created from local rock were the first fountains, used for religious ceremonies and drinking water. Rock basins are believed to have been first used around the year 2000 BC. The jet of water appearing from small jets was pushed by gravity, the sole power source creators had in those days. The placement of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along reservoirs, canals, or streams. Creatures, Gods, and Spiritual figures dominated the early decorative Roman fountains, starting to appear in about 6 BC. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

Original Water Delivery Techniques in Rome

Rome’s first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the sole technological innovations obtainable at the time to supply water to spots of high elevation. Starting in the sixteenth century, a brand new strategy was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sectors to generate water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were provided to make it less difficult to conserve the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he obtained the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. He didn’t get adequate water from the cistern that he had established on his residential property to collect rainwater. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran underneath his property.

"Primitive" Greek Art: Outdoor Statuary

The primitive Greeks developed the very first freestanding statuary, an awesome achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Kouros figures, statues of young, handsome male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the bulk of the sculptures. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were made to appear rigid and typically had foot in front; the males were vigorous, strong, and naked. In 650 BC, life-size forms of the kouroi began to be seen. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they progressed into more sophisticated forms of government and art, and acquired more data about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. Comparable to many other periods of historical conflict, disagreements were commonplace, and there were battles between city-states like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Exterior Wall Fountains: The Numerous Designs Available

If you want to create a place to relax as well as add some pizzazz to a small area such as a patio or courtyard, wall fountains are ideal because they do not occupy much space. The myriad of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your wishes. It is possible to have one custom-made if you are not able to find a pre-assembled fountain to suit you.

There are two distinct sorts of fountains you can buy: mounted and free-standing. Small, self-contained mounted wall fountains can be hung on any surface. Typically made of resin (to resemble stone) or fiber glass, these sorts of fountains are lightweight and easy to hang.

In large stand-alone fountains, otherwise referred to as wall fountains, the basin is set on the ground with the flat side positioned against a wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight limitations.

Many experienced landscapers favor custom-built fountains which can be incorporated into a brand-new wall or an existing one. Placing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a professional mason to do it correctly. You will need to integrate a spout or fountain mask into the wall. A tailor-made wall fountain blends into the landscape instead of standing out because it was a later addition, which adds to a unified look.

The Father Of Rome's Water Feature Design And Style
There are many famous water features in the city center of Rome. One of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed, created... read more
Fountains Hydro-Statics 101
When in equilibrium, liquid applies power to its container or any other material it comes in contact with. The force employed falls into one of two categories: external force or hydrostatic energy. When applied against a... read more
Original Water Supply Solutions in Rome
Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, citizens living at higher elevations had to rely on natural springs for their water. If citizens residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct,... read more
A Brief History of the Early Public Water Features
The water from creeks and other sources was originally supplied to the residents of nearby communities and municipalities via water fountains, whose design was largely... read more
A Concise History of Early Water Features
Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to convey water from canals or creeks to towns and hamlets, supplying the residents with clean water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. To produce... read more


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