Ancient Outdoor Water Feature Artists

Frequently working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century. Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci exemplified the creator as an creative genius, inventor and scientific expert. ft-234__44263.jpg With his immense curiosity regarding the forces of nature, he investigated the characteristics and movement of water and systematically documented his findings in his now much celebrated notebooks. Early Italian fountain engineers converted private villa settings into ingenious water exhibits complete with emblematic meaning and natural beauty by coupling imagination with hydraulic and horticultural experience. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, delivered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. For the various lands in the vicinity of Florence, other fountain engineers were well versed in humanistic subject areas as well as ancient scientific texts, masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water humor.

Early Water Delivery Techniques in The City Of Rome

With the development of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend only on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. During this time period, there were only 2 other techniques capable of providing water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a brand new approach was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to deliver water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Even though they were initially designed to make it possible to support the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to collect water from the channel, commencing when he purchased the property in 1543. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to collect rainwater, it didn’t provide sufficient water. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that ran below his property, he was able to reach his water wants.

The Circulation of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe

Contributing to the development of scientific technology were the published papers and illustrated publications of the time. They were also the principal method of transferring useful hydraulic information and fountain design ideas all through Europe. An unnamed French fountain designer became an internationally celebrated hydraulic innovator in the later part of the 1500's. By developing landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and ingenious water attributes, he began his profession in Italy by earning Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. He penned a book titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his life while in France that became the basic tome on hydraulic technology and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic advancements were outlined as well as updates to crucial classical antiquity hydraulic breakthroughs in the book. As a mechanical way to push water, Archimedes made the water screw, chief among vital hydraulic innovations. An beautiful water fountain with sunlight warming the water in two containers hidden in a neighboring room was displayed in one illustration. What occurs is the heated liquid expanded, goes up and locks up the piping leading to the water feature, and thus leading to activation.

Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden ponds are also included in the publication.

Pets and Water Features

Be sure to take your pet into consideration when you are thinking about installing a water feature. Your pet dog could think that your stand-alone fountain resembles a large pond to drink from or a pool in which to bathe. Think about installing a water fountain in your yard since it is a feature that will affect your treasured pets favorably. You may need to think about where you will locate the fountain as birds may take it as a bathing pond. Putting a birdbath in your yard is the perfect answer if you want to attract birds. Wall water features are great for indoor use as well if you want to sidestep these problems. These types of fountains are great for dental and medical practices, not to mention stately homes.

Characteristics of Garden Statues in Archaic Greece

The primitive Greeks built the first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. Thought of by Greeks to characterize beauty, the kouroi were created into firm, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, muscular, and fit. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. The Archaic period was tumultuous for the Greeks as they evolved into more polished forms of government and art, and acquired more data about the peoples and civilizations outside of Greece. Throughout this time and other times of historical tumult, encounters often happened, most notably wars fought amongst city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan infiltration of Samos.

A Brief History of the First Water Features

Water fountains were originally practical in function, used to bring water from rivers or springs to towns and villages, providing the residents with clean water to drink, bathe, and prepare food with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later half of the 19th century. Commonly used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have inspired people from all over the world all through the ages. If you saw the first fountains, you probably would not recognize them as fountains. A natural stone basin, crafted from rock, was the first fountain, used for holding water for drinking and ceremonial functions. 2,000 B.C. is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were actually used. The first fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to control the flow of water through the fountain. Drinking water was delivered by public fountains, long before fountains became ornate public monuments, as striking as they are practical. Fountains with ornate decoration began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, normally gods and animals, made with stone or bronze. Water for the open fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a elaborate system of water aqueducts.

A Short History of the First Public Garden Fountains
The water from rivers and other sources was originally supplied to the inhabitants of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not artistic. The force of gravity was the power source of water fountains up... read more
A Brief History of Early Public Water Fountains
Towns and villages depended on working water fountains to funnel water for preparing food, washing, and cleaning from nearby sources like lakes, streams, or springs. To produce water flow through a fountain until the later part of the... read more
The Earliest Documented Public Garden Fountains of History
As initially conceived, fountains were crafted to be functional, guiding water from streams or aqueducts to the inhabitants of towns and villages, where the water could be used for cooking food,... read more


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