Ancient Crete & The Minoans: Garden Fountains

Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have exposed a number of kinds of conduits. These were made use of to provide cities with water as well as to reduce flooding and remove waste. They were commonly created from clay or rock. When prepared from clay, they were typically in the form of canals and circular or rectangular conduits. alp_gxt686__20101.jpg Amidst these were clay piping that were U shaped or a shorter, cone-like shape which have only showed up in Minoan civilization. The water supply at Knossos Palace was handled with a system of terracotta piping which was located under the floor, at depths going from a few centimeters to several meters. The terracotta conduits were also used for collecting and holding water. In order to make this conceivable, the pipelines had to be created to handle: Underground Water Transportation: the undetectable method for water circulation may have been utilized to supply water to specified men and women or activities. Quality Water Transportation: Many historians feel that these water lines were employed to make a separate distribution process for the castle.

Creators of the First Water Features

Multi-talented individuals, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently served as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as a imaginative genius, inventor and scientific master. The forces of nature inspired him to research the qualities and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically documented his findings in his now famed notebooks. Modifying private villa configurations into amazing water showcases complete with symbolic significance and natural wonder, early Italian water fountain engineers combined resourcefulness with hydraulic and horticultural ability. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, provided the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli.

Other water fountain developers, masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water humor for the many properties in the vicinity of Florence, were tried and tested in humanistic topics and time-honored scientific texts.

The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Technology

Throughout Europe, the primary means of spreading practical hydraulic understanding and fountain design suggestions were the published pamphlets and illustrated publications of the day, which contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation. An unnamed French water fountain engineer became an internationally celebrated hydraulic pioneer in the later part of the 1500's. His know-how in making gardens and grottoes with integrated and brilliant water attributes began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written near the end of his life in France, turned into the fundamental text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book modified important hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as describing modern hydraulic technologies. As a mechanical means to push water, Archimedes invented the water screw, key among crucial hydraulic discoveries. An beautiful water feature with the sun heating the liquid in two containers concealed in an nearby accommodation was shown in one illustration. Activating the water feature is heated liquid which expands and ascends to seal up the water lines. Designs for pumps, water wheels, water attributes and outdoor ponds are also included in the guide.

Outdoor Fountains And Public Policy

Berkley, CA residents voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States.

By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to motivate more people to decide on healthier choices, such as water. The aim of the research was to evaluate the state of community drinking water fountains and figure out if there is a distinction in access to fresh, operating drinking fountains based on racial or economic components. The research utilized a GPS app to compile data on existing water fountains in the city. This info was cross-referenced with demographic records on race and income acquired from the US Census Community Study database. Evaluations were made between the location and demographic data, showing whether class differences affected availability to clean, working water fountains. The testing was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the shape of the fountains was greater or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, given that quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

Outdoor Wall Fountains: The Numerous Styles Available

Wall fountains are well suited to small verandas or yards because they do not require too much space while also adding a bit of style and providing a great place to find peace and quiet. The myriad of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your wishes. If you are looking for a distinctive design, a custom-built one can be specially made to meet your specifications.

There are two specific styles of fountains you can buy: mounted and stand-alone. Small, self-contained versions can be placed on a wall are called mounted wall fountains. Fountains of this type need to be light, therefore, they are usually fabricated from resin (resembling stone) or fiberglass. Floor fountains are freestanding, large, and also have a basin on the floor as well as a flat side against the wall. Typically made of cast stone, these water features have no weight constraints.

Landscape designers often recommend a customized fountain for a brand new or existing wall. Installing the basin against the wall and installing all the plumbing work requires a expert mason to do it correctly. The wall will need to have a spout or fountain mask built into it. If you want a cohesive look for your garden, get a customized wall fountain because it becomes part of the scenery rather than an afterthought.

The Myriad Reasons to Add a Water Feature

The area outside your residence can be polished up by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project. Contemporary artists and fountain builders alike use historic fountains and water features to shape their creations. You can also reinforce the connection to the past by adding one of these to your home's interior design. The water and moisture garden fountains release into the atmosphere draws birds and other creatures, and also balances the ecosystem, all of which add to the advantages of including one of these beautiful water features. Flying, annoying insects, for instance, are frightened off by the birds congregating near the fountain or birdbath.

The area necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is considerable, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. Either a stand-alone fountain with an even back and an attached basin placed against a fence or a wall, or a wall-mounted kind which is self-contained and hangs on a wall, are some of the options from which you can choose. Adding a fountain to an existent wall requires that you add a fountain mask as well as a basin at the base to gather the water. It is best not to attempt this job on your own as professional plumbers and masons are best suited to do this type of work.

How Technical Concepts of Water Fountains Spread
The circulated reports and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the development of scientific technology, and were the chief methods of transmitting practical hydraulic information and water fountain ideas... read more
Creators of the First Fountains
Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars... read more
Water Fountains: The Minoan Culture
Archaeological digs in Minoan Crete in Greece have revealed several varieties of conduits. They not solely helped with the water supplies, they extracted rainwater and wastewater as well. The majority were prepared from... read more


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