A Brief History of the First Outdoor Fountains

The water from creeks and other sources was originally provided to the inhabitants of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was primarily practical, not aesthetic. To produce water flow through a fountain until the end of the 1800’s, and produce a jet of water, required the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, positioned higher than the fountain. win472__42715.jpg Commonly used as monuments and commemorative edifices, water fountains have inspired people from all over the planet all through the centuries. If you saw the earliest fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. The first recognized water fountain was a natural stone basin created that served as a receptacle for drinking water and ceremonial functions. Natural stone basins are believed to have been 1st utilized around 2,000 BC. Gravity was the energy source that operated the oldest water fountains. These ancient water fountains were built to be functional, commonly situated along aqueducts, creeks and waterways to supply drinking water. Beasts, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the very early ornate Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 BC. Water for the open fountains of Rome was brought to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.

Exterior Water Features Come in Many Forms and Sizes

Is it possible for you to convert your yard into a haven of serenity? Add a sense of peace to your garden with an outdoor fountain and avail yourself of all the positive benefits of a water feature.

The magnificence of a spouting fountain can be seen when it sends a stream of shooting water into the air.

Large, existing ponds can have one of these built-in without much hassle. You can find these in public recreational areas or old mansions.

One of the many examples of an outdoor water feature is a chic wall fountain. Even with a smallish backyard, it is possible to put in one of these water features. While spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. In this simple process. the water which is forced out of a small opening, flows down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the base before being pumped back to the top.

Dependent on the style you have chosen for the garden, you could consider a themed fountain. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. Consider installing something bolder and unique for a contemporary garden. Just let your imagination to run loose.

Water spills down multiple levels in a tiered fountain. Cascading fountains is another name used to identify this type of fountain because water flows down multiple levels.

A significant amount of space is needed for an outdoor fountain, so another option is to install a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Due to the fact that the reservoirs required for these kinds of fountains are hidden underground, you can make the most of the room at your disposal.

Japanese fountains are thought to impart a sense of tranquility and wellness. Bamboo sticks are used in this sort of fountain to expel the water. The repetition of water flowing into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main attributes of this kind of fountain.

Fountains created from glass are another type on the market. A more conventional look is provided by trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features such as these are best suited to yards with many sharp corners as well as modern-day forms and designs. A magnificent effect is produced when water runs down the sheets of glass. In some cases, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass panels. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) shows off water softly cascading down its façade.

In a bubbling rock fountain, a big rock is drilled with holes and then filled in the middle with tubes. Low pressure is used to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Water then streams as a delicate trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. This type of fountain is ideally suited for little gardens. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain prevents water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar powered fountains have become more fashionable recently because they run on sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a decrease in electricity bills, and the advantages to the environment. You will not have to concede on style since there is a wide selection of designs to pick from in outdoor solar-powered fountains.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems

Rome’s very first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people residing at higher elevations had to depend on natural streams for their water. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at greater elevations turned to water pulled from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. In the very early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that flowed below the ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it less demanding to clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he operated the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to meet his needs. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat below his property, and he had a shaft established to give him access.

The Original Water Fountain Artists

Multi-talented people, fountain artists from the 16th to the late 18th century often worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as an imaginative genius, inventor and scientific master. He systematically recorded his experiences in his currently celebrated notebooks, following his enormous fascination in the forces of nature guided him to investigate the qualities and mobility of water. Ingenious water exhibits loaded with symbolic meaning and all-natural charm converted private villa settings when early Italian fountain designers coupled resourcefulness with hydraulic and gardening skill. The magnificence in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was famed for his capabilities in archeology, engineering and garden design. Masterminding the excellent water marbles, water features and water pranks for the numerous properties in the vicinity of Florence, other water feature designers were well versed in humanistic topics and classical scientific texts.

"Primitive" Greek Art: Outdoor Statuary

The initial freestanding statuary was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a notable achievement since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Youthful, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the sculptures, or kouros figures. Symbolizing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were crafted to appear rigid and typically had foot forward; the males were vigorous, strong, and nude. In around 650 BC, the differences of the kouroi became life-sized. During the Archaic time, a great time of changes, the Greeks were developing new types of government, expressions of art, and a deeper comprehension of people and cultures outside Greece. Throughout this time and other periods of historical tumult, encounters often took place, most notably battles fought between city-states such as the Arcadian wars and the Spartan invasion of Samos.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Garden Fountains

There are countless popular water fountains in the city center of Rome. One of the most distinguished sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini fashioned, created and built nearly all of them. He was furthermore a urban architect, in addition to his abilities as a water fountain engineer, and traces of his life's work are evident all through the avenues of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to fully show their art, chiefly in the form of public water features, Bernini’s father, a distinguished Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An outstanding workman, Bernin earned compliments and the patronage of popes and important painters. His sculpture was initially his claim to popularity. He used his expertise and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most notably in the Vatican. He was affected by many a great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest impact on his work.

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