A Brief History of the Early Public Water Fountains

The water from springs and other sources was initially provided to the residents of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose purpose was mainly practical, not artistic. To make water flow through a fountain until the late 1800’s, and create a jet of water, demanded the force of gravity and a water source such as a creek or lake, located higher than the fountain. or-152r__92400.jpg Striking and spectacular, prominent water fountains have been built as monuments in nearly all societies. Rough in design, the first water fountains didn't appear much like present fountains. A stone basin, carved from rock, was the first fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and religious purposes. 2000 BC is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were originally used. The first fountains used in ancient civilizations relied on gravity to control the movement of water through the fountain. These historic water fountains were created to be functional, frequently situated along reservoirs, creeks and rivers to furnish drinking water. Fountains with decorative Gods, mythological beasts, and animals began to appear in Rome in about 6 B.C., built from rock and bronze. A well-designed collection of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public water fountains supplied with fresh water.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Garden Fountains

There are numerous celebrated water fountains in the city center of Rome. Practically all of them were designed, designed and built by one of the finest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini.

Also a city designer, he had abilities as a fountain developer, and remnants of his life's work are evident throughout the streets of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they finally relocated in Rome, to thoroughly exhibit their artwork in the form of community water fountains and water features. The young Bernini received praise from Popes and influential artists alike, and was an diligent worker. At first he was recognized for his sculpting skills. He made use of his expertise and melded it effortlessly with Roman marble, most significantly in the Vatican. Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Archaic Greek Artistry: Large Statuary

Up until the Archaic Greeks created the first freestanding sculpture, a phenomenal triumph, carvings had mostly been completed in walls and pillars as reliefs. Kouros figures, statues of young, handsome male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the bulk of the sculptures. The kouroi, regarded by the Greeks to symbolize beauty, had one foot stretched out of a strict forward-facing posture and the male figurines were regularly nude, with a strong, strong shape. Life-sized versions of the kouroi appeared beginning in 650 BC. A massive time of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about newer forms of government, expressions of art, and a greater appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the conflicts, the Greek civilization went on to advance, unabated.

The Hellenic Republic: Cultural Sculpture

Historically|Traditionally|In the past}, most sculptors were compensated by the temples to adorn the elaborate pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the period came to a close it became more common for sculptors to present ordinary people as well simply because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Affluent families would occasionally commission a rendition of their ancestors for their large family tombs; portraiture additionally became prevalent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. It is amiss to state that the arts had one purpose during The Classical Greek period, a time period of creative accomplishment during which the usage of sculpture and alternative art forms changed. Greek sculpture was a cutting-edge component of antiquity, whether the reason was faith based fervor or visual satisfaction, and its contemporary excellence may be what endears it to us now.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Plan

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting discovery captivated the notice and approval of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the final mentions of the gadget. Just years later, in 1592, the early contemporary Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was linked to the Medici’s villa, perhaps making the product obsolete. This is all the more sad given how impressive Camillo Agrippa’s technology was, entirely singular in Italy during the hundreds of years which passed between the fall of ancient Rome and the contemporary period. There might have been different impressive water-related works in Renaissance gardens in the later part of the sixteenth century, including water fountains which played tunes, water caprices (or giochi d’acqua) and also scenographic water demonstrations, but nothing were operated by water which defied gravity.

The Dispersion of Water Feature Design Knowledge

Spreading practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the published papers and illustrated books of the time. An internationally renowned leader in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. His competence in creating landscapes and grottoes with integrated and brilliant water attributes began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a publication which became the essential book on hydraulic technology and engineering, was authored by him toward the end of his life in France. The publication modified crucial hydraulic advancements since classical antiquity as well as detailing contemporary hydraulic technologies. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanical means of transferring water. A pair of hidden vessels warmed by the sun's rays in a space adjacent to the decorative water feature were shown in an illustration. The end result: the water feature is triggered by the heated water expanding and rising up the pipes. Models for pumps, water wheels, water features and garden ponds are also covered in the guide.

The Dissemination of Fountain Design Technology
The circulated reports and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of dissiminating practical hydraulic information and water feature suggestions... read more
"Old School" Fountain Manufacturers
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted... read more
Builders of the First Garden Fountains
Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often serving as architects, sculptors, artists,... read more


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